See the world's most comprehensive collection of begonias with around 100 species on display including three endangered species unique to Bali. Begonias prefer tropical areas and have distinctive asymmetrical leaves with male and female flowers appearing separately on the same plant.
Welcome to the largest collection of wild orchids in Bali with around 300 species on display.
The Gardens’ focus is on preserving Indonesia’s rich diversity of wild orchids with several rare and endangered species on display including Calanthe baliensis, a rare and little-known species endemic to Bali. Other species of special interest include the very showy Vanda tricolor, the endangered Paphiopedilum javanicum - found only in Indonesia - and the unusually coloured and rare black orchid (Coelogyne pandurata) from Kalimantan.
Although most of the orchids bloom from March to June, there are always some that bloom year-round. Most wild orchids are rare in their natural habitat and their existence is increasingly threatened by habitat loss due to land clearing or illegal overharvesting.
The new Conservatory Building was completed in early 2016 and houses a large collection of plants that follow the evolutionary path of plant life on Earth The plantings are grouped sequentially from primitive land plants (moss) to the most modern plants (flowering plants).
Many beautiful species of rare and hybrid plants can be found in the conservatory including one of the world’s largest and rarest flowering structures, the titan arum or 'corpse flower' from Sumatra and Borneo which, when flowering, produces the tallest bloom in the world.
Indonesia is home to around 70% of arguably the world’s most glorious and spectacular group of carnivorous plants from the genus Nepenthes.
Carnivorous plants use a heavily-modified stem – and not a flower as is often thought – to collect nutrients in an intricate trap.
While insects and spiders make up much of the plants' nutrient load, snails and even frogs have also been seen trapped in the pitcher and at least one species on display from Sumatra, Nepenthes Ampullaria, evolved away from carnivory and instead 'turned vegetarian,' collecting leaves falling from the canopy above.
The Gardens’ display of rare and unusual carnivorous plants is housed in the new conservatory building.
Balinese traditional medicine is known as Usada and is applied by healers known as balian. Knowledge of medicinal plants spread to Bali from India more than one-thousand years ago and has been handed down through the ages via palm-leaf manuscripts called lontar. Almost 500 species of medicinal plant are mentioned in the manuscripts.
The Bali Botanic Garden has interpreted this traditional knowledge and created a 1.6-hectare medicinal plant display containing more than 300 species. While many are well known such as various species of ginger, turmeric, fennel, jatropha and pineapple, 15 species are considered rare and were collected locally.
The Bali Botanic Garden has a comprehensive collection of 87 bamboo species. Of these, six species are endemic to Bali including the rare 'climbing bamboo' (Dinochloa sepang).
More than 10 percent of the world's 1500 bamboo species are found here. In fact, the English word bamboo was introduced from the Indonesian term 'bambu'.
Bamboo belongs to the grass family and plays an important role in the economics and culture of rural communities in Bali. It's used in many traditional ceremonies as well as in building construction, in traditional medicine and even as a food source.
Go back in time to a world of primitive plants and one of the Gardens' largest collections by area, the two-hectare Fern Garden. The striking entrance leads visitors to a dinosaur shade house for the indoor collection and a sprawling garden beyond featuring tree ferns, bird's-nest ferns, elephant trunk ferns, climbing and aquatic ferns.
Almost 200 species of ferns and mosses are in the collection, many from Eastern Indonesia and several that are unique to Bali and grow here naturally. Also on display is the newly described tree fern Dicksonia timorense, endemic to the island of Timor.
Explore this enchanting trail as it winds its way through a small expanse of remnant tropical rainforest behind the Treetop Adventure Park.
The wide-canopied trees make conditions perfect for an interesting diversity of plant species including giant elephant ferns along the river banks, several species of tree ferns, bird's-nest ferns up in the canopy along with several other epiphytes (plants that grow harmlessly on other plants).
You can also find the wild relatives of ginger and pepper here plus stinging nettles, wild orchids, various types of lichens, climbers and creepers.
At the top of the Garden, on the slope of Tapak Hill, you will find a true giant. This fig tree is believed to be hundreds of years old. The sprawling canopy, with an amazing array of aerial roots, is home to a variety of wildlife including monkeys and birds and is a favourite photo-stop for visitors.
The Rhododendron Garden contains around 20 species of rhododendrons and azaleas, including Rhododendron javanicum which is endemic to Indonesia and 12 other vireya rhododendrons from this region.
Most rhododendrons grow in mountainous areas, either as epiphytes on trees or on the open ground with fragrant, exotic flowers that bloom in a variety of showy, bright colours.
The entrance gate to the garden uses the Hindu concept of lingam (male) and yoni (female) to represent the beginning of life.
One-hundred species of cacti are laid out in the cactus greenhouse. The cactus is the biggest group of succulent, spiny plants in the world consisting of almost 2000 species and synonymous with America’s hot desert areas, although cacti are able to grow and thrive in cool, high altitude areas like the Bali Botanic Garden. Some species can even reach a height of more than five metres.
The greenhouse is also home to the sugar cane orchid (Grammatophyllum speciosum) which can grow to over seven-metres in height and is considered the largest orchid in the world. It is endemic to Indonesia and prefers drier conditions which is why it is housed on the greenhouse rockery. It only flowers under certain conditions and is so-named due to its resemblance to sugar cane foliage.
The aquatic plant collection is arranged into two large pools and four smaller ponds further up the slope. Twenty-one species make up the collection including the hairy water lily (Nymphaea pubescens), umbrella papyrus from Madagascar (Cyperus alternifolius) and water snowflake (Nymphoides indica).
Also on display is the reed-like papyrus sedge from Africa (Cyperus papyrus) which was used by the ancient Egyptians to make one of the first-ever types of paper.
Toads are commonly seen in the pools and a glimpse of Bratan lake can be seen from the top pond on a clear day.
This compact garden contains roses of various sizes and colours including a collection of the unusual green rose.
The Garden and surrounding district is a favourite for birdwatchers as it holds a wide variety of habitats from open areas to dense, tropical forest. More than 100 species have been identified here including the Green Junglefowl, Sunda Thrush and Indonesian Honeyeater.